According to the Project Management Institute’s standard, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide), project management has nine knowledge areas. They are the following:
- Project Integration Management: This involves managing the integration of all processes and activities in each of the five process groups.
- Project Scope Management: The scope of the project includes the requirements for successful completion of the project. If there are ten people involved in a project, then they will have at least 11 opinions concerning requirements. Managing this is quite a task.
- Project Time Management: This knowledge area includes planning the project schedule and managing it. It helps determine if the project will be on time, early, or late.
- Project Cost Management: Almost all projects will cost money, so this helps you create the project budget and manage it. Will your project ultimately be within budget or over budget?
- Project Communications Management: You can be part of a small project with ten other people involved or a large project with 500 other people involved. Managing your communications to them is critical.
- Project Human Resource Management: This involves staffing the project with employees and then managing them.
- Project Risk Management: Every project has risks, and not all risks have to be negative. Managing them includes identifying what they are and then putting together a plan on how to either respond to some if they happen or not react at all if inconsequential ones occur.
- Project Quality Management: If you’re building a product, then you don’t want to bring the product to market full of bugs and defects, do you? Project quality management comes to the rescue!
- Project Procurement Management: Certain projects require buying products or services from outside vendors in order to complete the projects, and you need to manage the contracts. Since you are procuring these products/services, this is called project procurement management.
Wow, that was a bit of a mouthful, wasn’t it? No worries: you don’t need to be concerned about doing every single item on the list for every project. The general rule is to use what’s relevant to the needs of your project and organization.
In future entries of the Simplified Series, I will do my best to make these knowledge areas relevant to your project work.
Do you see any of these knowledge areas as being important to your particular projects?